July 6, 2010

Why Gordon Smith hates reading Supreme Court opinions.

"The first sentence of Free Enterprise Fund v. Public Company Accounting Oversight Board reads: 'Our Constitution divided the "powers of the new Federal Government into three defined categories, Legislative, Executive, and Judicial." INS v. Chadha , 462 U. S. 919, 951 (1983).' We needed a secondary source citation for that proposition? Or maybe the Chief Justice used the quotation for the original way in which Chadha framed the idea?"

I feel your pain. But as a lawprof who teaches Chadha every year, I've got to observe that the idea that there are 3 defined categories was controversial and fought over in that case. Read Justice White's dissenting opinion:
[T]he wisdom of the Framers was to anticipate that the Nation would grow and new problems of governance would require different solutions. Accordingly, our Federal Government was intentionally chartered with the flexibility to respond to contemporary needs without losing sight of fundamental democratic principles. This was the spirit in which Justice Jackson penned his influential concurrence in the Steel Seizure Case:
"The actual art of governing under our Constitution does not and cannot conform to judicial definitions of the power of any of its branches based on isolated clauses or even single Articles torn from context. While the Constitution diffuses power the better to secure liberty, it also contemplates that practice will integrate the dispersed powers into a workable government."
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, 343 U. S. 579, 343 U. S. 635 (1952).
Burger had to protest that he was not relying on "empty formalities." I'll bet most law professors teaching separation of powers present Jackson in a much better light than Burger.

The idea that are "three defined categories" of power is not too obvious to require support from case law. The case law itself shows that.


Anonymous said...

Of course, if the powers aren't clearly defined, then it is also more difficult to hold the correct people responsible come election time.

A.W. said...

actually that's one of the things that is good about law. at its best law almost approximates a mathematical proof. they start with a few givens and from there reason all over the place until they reach the conclusion. they show their work in a way that normal right brained activity doesn't.

former law student said...

Citing more recent authority shows that the interpretation has not drifted away over time.