The clearest sign that the 2004 law is now accepted is that no Muslim group is fighting for its repeal - not even the Organisation of Islamic Organisations of France (UOIF), which is closest to grass-roots opinion in the country's poorer suburbs.Meanwhile, there are riots in Paris:
"The law is unfair to Muslims, but we've put it behind us," said Rachid Hamoudi, the UOIF director of a big mosque in Lille, northern France....
But the wide acceptance of the ban does not mean the scarf issue has been settled once and for all....
To get an idea of the lingering tensions, it is worth looking at what happens to these young Muslims beyond secondary school.
At university level, the law on religious signs does not apply.
Nevertheless Teycir ben Naser, a second-year student at Creteil University near Paris, has opted for a discreet bandana.
The 19-year-old feels the headscarf she wears off campus could become a liability during oral exams.
Not that it would influence examiners, she says, but "they might say things or look at me in a certain way, and that would undermine my confidence".
The main challenge, however, will come after university.
"We are studying to be able to work later," Ms ben Naser says. "And we all we know that if you wear a veil all the doors will close."
The street fighting less than an hour's subway ride from the heart of Paris has underscored France's failed efforts to stem the growing unrest within a largely Muslim immigrant population that feels disenfranchised and is beset by high unemployment and crime. An estimated 6 million Muslims live in France, many of them in dismal high-rise enclaves like this one.derrahmane, 54, who heads the local Muslim Cultural Association, said Tuesday morning, visibly exhausted after an all-night effort to quell the continuing violence in this town.
Many residents were outraged Sunday night when a police tear gas canister was thrown into a local mosque during prayers for Ramadan, the Muslim holy month. An estimated 700 coughing and panicked worshipers ran for the doors.