July 5, 2011

"Vast deposits of rare earth minerals, crucial in making high-tech electronics products, have been found on the floor of the Pacific Ocean..."

"... and can be readily extracted, Japanese scientists said on Monday."
"The deposits have a heavy concentration of rare earths. Just one square kilometer (0.4 square mile) of deposits will be able to provide one-fifth of the current global annual consumption," said Yasuhiro Kato, an associate professor of earth science at the University of Tokyo....

He estimated rare earths contained in the deposits amounted to 80 to 100 billion tonnes, compared to global reserves currently confirmed by the U.S. Geological Survey of just 110 million tonnes that have been found mainly in China, Russia and other former Soviet countries, and the United States....

China, which accounts for 97 percent of global rare earth supplies, has been tightening trade in the strategic metals, sparking an explosion in prices.  
Great news!

90 comments:

Seven Machos said...

This will either cause or delay global warming, or bring about a new ice age. Whatever the case, there will be deviation from the perfect temperatures of 1960 or so and be, therefore, an unmitigated disaster.

All energy consumption is that way.

Synova said...

Yes but... what about the albino sulfer based tube worms? Huh? Huh?

John said...

Back in '74 I was majoring in Oceanography and the big noise was the manganese nodules on the sea floor.

It was going to make everything free.

Howard Hughes built the Glomar Explorer to harvest them and the UN did the Law of the Sea treaty to make sure that everyone shared the wealth.

The Glomar Explorer turned out to be a CIA cover to retrieve a sunken Soviet submarine and we don't hear much about the Law of the Sea Treaty which turned out to mainly be a scam.

I wonder that the *real* story behind this find it?

Who knows, it could even be true.

John Henry

AST said...

Give environmentalists a week to make a case against allowing U.S. companies from developing these deposits.

The only reason they need is that someone might make a profit, but it takes a little time to couch it in terms of saving the earth.

traditionalguy said...

No wonder the Japs wanted Oahu and Midway. Can't trust them slant eyed Lexus makers.

AJ Lynch said...

"Great news"

Not if you are invested in the current known mines since I assume the commodity prices will fall.

Btw- I had never heard the term "rare earth" until about 5-6 months ago. Is it newish to you guys too?

Seven Machos said...

John Henry -- I think you are confused. That's the plot of the movie Raise the Titanic.

Seven Machos said...

AJ -- Don't you know the song I Just Want to Celebrate?

You know it.

Pogo said...

Julian Simon wins the bet again!

Skyler said...

Isn't this how the Glomar Explorer got started?

AJ Lynch said...

That was Kool & The Gang?

Doug Wright said...

Will this the Casus Belli for our seventh concurrent war? My goodness, Presidente Obama is quite the warrior king! "W" should be considered a mere piker now.

Seven Machos said...

No man! That was Rare Earth.

Kool and the Gang were the people who were harping about a new ice age. But that rant went completely out of style by the early 80s I think.

Synova said...

So... if it's not economically viable rare earth minerals and it's probably not Russian submarines *again* what might it be?

AJ Lynch said...

Earth Wind & Fire.
War.
Alice Cooper.

What are three bands who have never played in my yard.

Peter Hoh said...

It's all well and good, until they bring up those eggs.

traditionalguy said...

What a planet the earth has turned out to be.

It contains all the oil, coal, and gas that we will ever need for energy and all of the minerals to make rare metals we will ever need need to apply technology.

Sorry about that Hu Jintao? Put some ice on that.

Now can we just tell the Malthusian Marxists to all go to hell. Oh yeah, we elected one to be President.

When is that next election?

AJ Lynch said...

Peter- they are called pods not eggs.

bagoh20 said...

Manifest Destiny!

Cedarford said...

Pogo said...
Julian Simon wins the bet again!

============
Referencing the notion that man can have unlimited population growth and "new, miracle high technology" will ensure we never run out of resources or have food riots again as long as the genius of the free market ensures oil, metal, and crops a plenty!

The only thing wrong with Malthus and Erlich is the timing of "when".

Right now, there are less countries that still export food, than there are oil exporting countries. From 1970 on, despite the Green Revolution and the successes of Brazil and India making rain forest into cropland as well as high yield crops....22-26 once food exporting nations have become net food importers as too many mouths exist for the arable land to feed.

But good news on the rare earths found for affected Pacific Rim nations! Anything that gets us off dependency on China is a good thing.

AJ Lynch said...

Obama does not process good news well. When big oil fields were discovered, he could have jumped on the band wagon and announced the end of the dumb idea called cap & trade. Instead, he can't stop beating his meat over green energy boondoggles.

I.E. a shrewd president like Clinton would be savvy enough to get some political mileage out of this news even if we learn later it was from The Onion.

Roger von Oech said...

The price of the rare earth metal Neodymium (Nd) has increased 6X from June '10 to June '11. [Now nearly 1,800,000 RMB/tonne.) This has had a big impact on everyone who has products with Nd magnets in them.

For example, my Ball of Whacks has 180 Nd magnets. As you can imagine, the price to manufacture it has gone up considerably. Soon it will be too expensive for my market.

I hope many other sources of Nd outside of China are developed soon.

Seven Machos said...

The only thing wrong with Malthus and Erlich is the timing of "when".

Why doesn't that time ever seem to come? Why do we have more food in the world now than ever before despite the fact that we have more people than ever before?

Also, what's the Jewish angle?

george said...

The REALLY great news is that they weren't found off the coast of the US because then we would never be allowed to mine them.

bagoh20 said...

I love the Temptations, but I like Rare Earth's 1971 cover of "Get Ready" better.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o3Z8NU5ImK0

AJ Lynch said...

Newish - I said newish Seven not Jewish. Heh.

Also, Pogo's Julian Simon comment makes me think more & more that God is behind these tech advances and discoveries. How else do you explain a planet with more and more people and better and better living standards?

bagoh20 said...

Ah, but C4 you underestimate us, we will always have the Soylent Green solution, but you knew that, you sly devil.

Seven Machos said...

How else do you explain a planet with more and more people and better and better living standards?

Here's how I explain it...

Throughout history, poverty is the normal condition of man. Advances which permit this norm to be exceeded — here and there, now and then — are the work of an extremely small minority, frequently despised, often condemned, and almost always opposed by all right-thinking people. Whenever this tiny minority is kept from creating, or (as sometimes happens) is driven out of a society, the people then slip back into abject poverty.

This is known as "bad luck."

AJ Lynch said...

Seven: that quote has been going around recently and it's an apt one but it applies best to USA where we are at risk of losing our edge due to your good buddy from the south side of Chicago and his policies.

But the quote is at odds with my question re steady improvement in living standards wordlwide.

Seven Machos said...

AJ -- I do think the United States is the most special and awesome country ever. I am biased. What can I say?

However, I just don't think it's true that the quote applies best to the United States. Forgive me for getting pedantic but, in my view, the world has been getting freer and freer since the advent of the Industrial Revolution, if not the Enlightenment. The fall of Communism in 1989 further exacerbated this trend.

In many ways, the United States is moving backward or stagnant in terms of freedom. Countries you wouldn't even believe -- like Sweden and Chile -- have far more supple and non-top-down systems in some areas.

A. Shmendrik said...

That's a shitload of rare earth minerals, my friends!

Palladian said...

"Countries you wouldn't even believe -- like Sweden and Chile -- have far more supple and non-top-down systems in some areas."

I would figure that a supple Swede or Chilean who is strictly non-top-down would be really depressing to you straight guys. I mean, what good is supple if her top stays up??

traditionalguy said...

A group may be very small but still have a covenant with a big God.

The scripture lessons in Abraham's covenants boils down to the formula that God uses the Jews to bless gentiles, but He will sometimes use the gentiles to curse the Jews.

My rational self interested take from that is to love and appreciate the Jews, and to fight to restrain the C-4s influence in the world. That's why C-4 calls me the lowest name he knows, which is a Christian Zionist. That is also why he despises Sarah Palin despite her holding very conservative views on economics.

bagoh20 said...

In college microbiology class we did the classic population studies plotting the growth and decline of yeast and other microbial populations. I never forgot how dramatic that is as the population grows faster and faster with no real hint of the coming crash until it is already in full blown collapse. Compared to the growth stage the decline is very precipitous - literally happens overnight.

It always comes to mind every time this subject comes up. I was always struck by how unexpected is was the first time we saw it.

ALH said...

Dig, baby dig!

Palladian said...

"That's a shitload of rare earth minerals, my friends!"

They're going to have to rename that area of the periodic table the "used-to-be-rare-earth elements".

Seven Machos said...

I wondered if I'd get shit for using supple. Hello, Palladian.

To you Malthusians: don't you realize that your philosophy has been around since forever? Don't you realize that? And don't you realize that it's been wrong since forever? That's a pretty horrific track record. It's completely anti-science.

Go back to your caves, losers.

Steven said...

Meh.

The only reason the market is so dependent on Chinese extraction is that Chinese prices were so cheap and can be again. There's plenty of the elements in currently-shuttered mines elsewhere in the world, and this discovery probably isn't competitive with re-opening those mines. The question is, if you set up a non-Chinese extraction, how long until the Chinese start dumping rare earths on the market to drive the alternatives out of business again?

It's the same thing you get with, for example, oil. If oil was actually assured to stay up in price (that is, if the Peak Oil people were actually right), all sorts of people would be making coal-to-liquids plants. The problem is that producers like the Saudis can, pretty much at will, drop the price to $30/bbl by increasing production, which will result in coal-to-liquids plants going bankrupt since they wouldn't even be able to cover marginal costs at marginal price.

Seven Machos said...

What Steven said.

bagoh20 said...

Remember the Roman Empire?

Well, I do, and we thought we were all that too. Sure we survived, but the next 1000 years were kinda harsh on our mellow.

Seven Machos said...

Remember the Roman Empire?

What did the end of the Roman Empire have to do with a lack of food, water, etc.? Further, if it's true that the Roman Empire fell because of such a lack, why are there more people now to a power of quite an awful lot?

Your thesis is a nonstarter, Bag. There is no evidence whatsoever for anything Malthus ever said, including and and the. Moreover, as I say, people like Malthus have been saying such obviously wrong things since the beginning of time.

Be fruitful and multiply!

Trooper York said...

Jeez bag you remember the Roman Empire?

And I thought hdhouse was old.

Carol_Herman said...

You're lucky there are fish in the sea!

When the Japanese say "easy to extract," though ... I think of their recent nuclear meltdown. I'm not so sure we're gonna be extracting anything "easily."

But I bet the Chinese roll up ... and put pressure on Japan.

Now, let's see how many investors step forward with their money ... to help buy the ships that go to sea. (With scoops.) Maybe, we can just drop in a few journalists ... they're bottom fishers, no?

bagoh20 said...

"What did the end of the Roman Empire have to do with a lack of food, water, etc.? "

It collapsed due to a lack of imagination - namely being able to imagine it's collapse. They believed it impossible just long enough for the damage and weakness to get irreversible. I don't believe we can die out from lack of food or resources, but I do think a large portion of the planet's population is at risk because they are so dependent on things beyond their control. Many could perish, and many could just endure major setbacks.

The history that gives you such confidence is a very short period of this planet's long series of kill offs and catastrophies.

I'm the one being scientific, and trusting the history (all of it), but you have faith. I'm fine with that, but it's not scientific in the least.

bagoh20 said...

"Jeez bag you remember the Roman Empire?"

Caligula, was my homie. He never could hold his liquor though. Dude was always hanging out of the chariot, puking like girl.

Seven Machos said...

Bag -- Your argument about yeast is Malthusian to the core. It's applying the simple arithmetic laws of a closed environment to the entire, unfathomable planet and/or universe.

Now you speak of a lack of imagination, or things like weather and asteroids that are out of human control. That has nothing to do with Rome or Malthus or yeast or human population. That's merely being a curmudgeon.

bagoh20 said...

My point about the yeast's demise and all the rest of it is just that it is always unexpected to the players in the game. After a catastrophe, everyone says: "well of course they should have seen it coming", but they never do.

I share your optimism, but for me it's guarded, because the odds are that something we feel secure about will surprise us. That's the record. Sometimes natural, sometimes man made, but history really does support the idea that "Pride goeth before the fall."

It would not take much of a problem in the world to kill off a couple billion people who depend on our modern very complicated and delicate systems of sustenance and protection. I don't think it will be us in the west, but a lot of people are at risk, and I think more than ever.

That's really all I've got on that.

Synova said...

The Roman Empire collapsed but population didn't collapse. Life doesn't suffer set-backs, but tends to return with vengeance, which might be a warning to those who make attempts to win over life.

A lack of "imagination" is an interesting disease and perhaps we ought to be more imaginative?

Malthus offends me for lack of imagination, for viewing humanity as consumers and reproducers but not as producers nor as *imaginative* forces affecting his equations.

Life is dynamic. It's not a line graph of either death or stagnancy or growth. It moves in any direction or all of them. Dynamic, like the patterns fire make as it consumes a flat sheet of newsprint. It might be a pattern math could follow, something like fractals if we ever got smart enough to plot it, but not a line and not a flat plane of paper with vectors that say "forward" and "upward" until it drops off the edge like a dow jones crash cartoon.

Ralph L said...

The Roman Empire collapsed but population didn't collapse
The city of Rome went from over a million to 12,000. They didn't all move out to the suburbs. Athens was still under 15,000 at the beginning of the 20th century. The Greeks then started using the other hole.

george said...

Pricing information serves as your warning. As commodities become scarce the price goes up and alternatives are sought. Not all sources dry up at once so the signals have time to work.

That is why monetary policy and other interventions in the market are so dangerous. They can mask the signals until it is too late or they can make changes happen with literally no time for adjustments to be made. They can also divert resources to areas where they are wasted. Just imagine what would happen if the government started paying people to turn our food stocks into fuel. Say corn for instance.

The Brits are being treated to the spectacle of wind farms being built that each require a natural gas plant as a back-up for when winds do not blow. These plants are much less efficient when they idle so more CO2 is released. In fact more is released than is saved by the wind farms so the farms are completely superfluous and nothing but wasted resources. It would be cheaper and better for the environment just to shut them down.

Fannie and Freddie is another example of what happens when you mask pricing signals. All we did there was create havoc and made sure when the bubble burst it was much larger than it could possibly have been otherwise. If a company writes too many bad loans it goes out of business. If the government encourages and underwrites bad loans then that is potentially all companies and the entire economy going under.

If we can keep these sorts of interventions to a minimum we have optimized things as well as is humanly possible. All of the larger extinction events since man has been keeping recorded history have been of this sort. China and Russia just went through a couple recently. I worry about those recurring much more than I do running out of resources.

Bruce Hayden said...

The problem with Malthus when it comes to the world today is that a distinct majority of the world's population has started to crest, is already cresting, or has already crested and is starting down. The two most populated countries are in the starting to crest category, and much of the non-English speaking 1st World is in the already on the way down stage (along with, I believe, the UK and Ireland).

One thing that Malthus, and his successors did not take into account is that it costs money to raise kids in 1st and 2nd world countries. The result is that populations naturally start to limit themselves and approach, or drop below, ZPG, as their economics improve.

I should also note that one reason why China, and maybe India, has done so well financially recently is precisely because of its population control, no matter how brutal it appears to us on the outside.

Why do I feel confident that even the poorest countries in the world will ultimately climb on board? Because industry keeps seeking out low cost labor markets, and as one country climbs out of abject poverty, its labor costs increase, and the new factories are built in poorer countries.

NotquiteunBuckley said...

Somewhat notable, the below statement has been found to contain and infinite amount of stupid.

Breaking the record for breaking the record of stupid by a hugely stupid majority, stupid won the day.


"A fine prose style is an indicator of absolutely nothing regarding its owner."



Continue reading on Examiner.com Memo to Patrick Ruffini: We don't need William F. Buckley back - National Conservative Politics | Examiner.com http://www.examiner.com/conservative-politics-in-national/memo-to-patrick-ruffini-we-don-t-need-william-f-buckley-back#ixzz1RJ5NVrOU

reader_iam said...

Wait. Scientists are our friends again? Sheesh. Here we go [again].

NotquiteunBuckley said...

I could make thirty eight sppelling errors per paragraph and grammaratoricalicaliclly m,ist,akes, and not come near to this level of stupid, with liters of whiskey and a powerful thirst:


"A fine prose style is an indicator of absolutely nothing regarding its owner."



Continue reading on Examiner.com Memo to Patrick Ruffini: We don't need William F. Buckley back - National Conservative Politics | Examiner.com http://www.examiner.com/conservative-politics-in-national/memo-to-patrick-ruffini-we-don-t-need-william-f-buckley-back#ixzz1RJ5NVrOU

reader_iam said...

You go, Bruce Hayden, you sensible man, you.

NotquiteunBuckley said...

In fairness, more context:


"A fine prose style is an indicator of absolutely nothing regarding its owner.

Neither are charm, wit and class, which are traits any semi-successful con man or long haul serial killer can and must cultivate."



Continue reading on Examiner.com Memo to Patrick Ruffini: We don't need William F. Buckley back - National Conservative Politics | Examiner.com http://www.examiner.com/conservative-politics-in-national/memo-to-patrick-ruffini-we-don-t-need-william-f-buckley-back#ixzz1RJ9dewRs

andinista said...

As engineering materials, the most important part of rare earth metals is the word "rare". If your new product or solution requires REMs, it had better be in vanishing small quantities, or you'll never make it to market. If somehow you do make it to market, your product will be over-priced. Then, some other clever engineer somewhere will figure out how to compete with you without having to use REMs, and your product will die. This is engineering reality. It has been, and will be forever.

REM's are for highly-specialized, low-quantity, high-performance items where price is no object. For everything else, use common materials.

Why are they rare? Because supernovas just don't make very much of them, and geological processes don't efficiently concentrate them.

NotquiteunBuckley said...

Now why a *short* haul serial killer can't pull off a "Buckley" is beyond me.

Steven said...

There are any number of ways our civilization might collapse . . . but we already have technical solutions to shortages of every important current resource good enough to take us well into the 22nd century.

Now, might we collapse in the 22nd century? Could be. I figure we can start really worrying about that in 75 years. If, of course, we haven't already obviated it by developing further technical solutions in the meantime.

Fen said...

"... and can be readily extracted, Japanese scientists said on Monday."

Better start soon. China intends to take over the Pacific Rim and extend their sphere of influence to California.

Fen said...

What did the end of the Roman Empire have to do with a lack of food, water, etc.?

This may be what he's thinking of:

"The decline of functioning aqueducts to deliver water had a large practical impact in reducing the population of the city of Rome from its high of over 1 million in ancient times to considerably less in the medieval era, reaching as low as 30,000"

/yes, I hate wiki too, but it rings true with other stuff I've read.

edutcher said...

Well, this may be where Japan recovers from the lost decade.

Better them than the Red Chinese.

PS What Fen said about the Pacific Rim. According to their timetable, the Reds intend to make their move in about thirty years.

We may have even recovered from Little Zero by then.

AllenS said...

I have visions of Godzilla's spawn being released.

WV: fasto

And, it would happen that quick!

HT said...

No update on the nuclear situation in Japan, which is horrible. Let's not face that reality. Many on here were saying, calm down people. The scientists know what they are doing. No, they didn't. They didn't when the thing was designed. Or if they did, it was just a huge case of wishful thinking. Someone else on here said who's bright idea was it to build reactors along a fault line? Exactly.

I'm not in much of a mood to trust Japanese scientists these days.

virgil xenophon said...

Of little mention here so far is the "minor" fact that in re the discovery of all the good stuff on the arctic floor is the fact that a) Canada HAS NO Navy worth of a kid's bath-tub to protect its shoreline and economic interests and b) the Obamassiah is busily gutting the Navy even as we type, in case you hadn't noticed, with even more HUGE reductions to come. The Navy's naval weapons test center and bombing range is located at a place named China Lake, Nev. At the rate we're going that is going to prove a very prescient term as the entire Pacific AND Artic is going to rapidly become a REAL Sino-Soviet (the Russkis are on the move again, also, navt-wise, powered by oil money)"China Lake."
Remember only a short while back a Russian sub planted a Russian Flag on the Arctic floor claiming much of what is, by anybody's definition "disputed territory" (Law of the Sea or no) by anybody's definition.
Obama, all the little EPA Obomomites, and the left in general, is once again sleep-walking thru history. China and the Russians play for real--and both take the long view of history which, in case no one noticed, DID NOT end with the fall of the Berlin Wall. Just when we will need a strong and capable Navy the most to defend our economic interests on the ocean floor and guarantee right of free passage on the open seas against a heavily-armed and aggressive competitors we will--projecting replacement construction rates for all types of vessels and ship retirement schedules--have the weakest Navy since the War of 1812.

Thanks, Obama..

The Crack Emcee said...

Throughout history, poverty is the normal condition of man. Advances which permit this norm to be exceeded — here and there, now and then — are the work of an extremely small minority, frequently despised, often condemned, and almost always opposed by all right-thinking people,...

Talking about me behind my fucking back again,...

chuckR said...

Readily extracted....using dilute acid....3.5 to 6 kilometers subsurface.

What could possibly go wrong?

virgil xenophon said...

PS: In case anyone disputes my characterization, one should mosey over and peruse a few Navy milblogs like "Neptunus Lex," "Commander Salamander" "Information Dissemination," "Steel-Jaw Scribe" "The Stupid Shall Be Punished" (all things submarine)or the USNI (US Naval Institute) blogs and go back over, say, a years's worth of posts and see just what the major concerns are in terms of readiness and combat effectiveness and force projections for the future...it is to weep..

Drew said...

I'm sure we won't be allowed to access them. We must leave them nestled in the bosom of Mother Gaia, lest she get cranky and send some earthquakes or volcanoes our way.

Sayyid said...

Isn't there a movie about this? Ahh yes, http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0097737/

Positroll said...

"Great news."
Not really ...
http://www.raremetalblog.com/2011/07/dsm-reality-check-overdue.html#more

Big Mike said...

Before anybody gets too excited, we're talking 2 to 4 miles down. At this point we can send small, remotely-controlled camera vehicles down to those depths, but the robotic technology needed to actually harvest those minerals may still be years away.

Fred4Pres said...

Great news but not surprising. It is the same with oil and any commodity. If prices go up, alternative sources will present themselves. So like Peak Oil, which has apparently been put off a 100 years for fracking, Peak Rare Earths are not coming anytime soon.

Fred4Pres said...

Rare Earth would have been a good name for a rock group in the 70s.

MadisonMan said...

Sounds like some one is looking for investors via press release.

ndspinelli said...

Rare Earth played @ Taste of Chicago..I passed on the performance and just ate. They had some great food, as always. But, Budweiser has a monopoly on the beer concession. Hell, I drink Pabst over Bud.

ndspinelli said...

"Get ready 'cause here I come." One hit wonders.

Joe said...

(The Uncredentialed, Crypto Jew)





Will the robotic systems be UNIONIZED? If not I believe the EPA and the NLRB should investigate the companies involved, UNTIL they are unionized.

virgil xenophon said...

sayyid/

Or try "Ice Station Zebra" (1968) for an earlier take on Sino-American arctic conflict.

Greg said...

Until the Chinese cut us off completely, this stuff is just dirt at the bottom of the ocean with no economic viability at all. Better solution - stop wasting the stuff on Bird Chopper turbines, and car batteries powered by coal plants. (although now they say China's coal plants have caused cooling). Hey I know, how about high speed rail with coal fired steam engines to solve global warming.

AJ Lynch said...

Greg- I saw that report on China's sulfur- and I was not shocked to see the lead scientist, Kaufman?, seems to have more formal training in econ and public policy than real sciences. I am regularl;y amused when I hear enviro experts referred to as scientists then I find out they are socialists or green experts but not real scientists.

Alex said...

Most people didn't know what a rare-earth element was until Apple's iPhone/iPad became phenomenal. Rare-earths are critical to computer chips. Once again Steve Jobs proves he's God.

Methadras said...

Leftard Envirokook insanity peddlers are already planning a trek out there.

Seeing Red said...

Fortunately the Sahara's getting greener.

It's something to see from sat photos.

I remember seeing it a few years ago.


Makes one wonder why this wasn't a benefit of "climate change."

virgil xenophon said...

Seeing Red/

Well yes. In Roman times it was the grainary of the empire and heavily forested along the coasts with bears, wolves and lions aplenty in the entire coastal region--was where Rome got all the animals for the Circus Maximus. And there were major Roman cities est. in N. Adrica based primairly on that green ecology. You should tour the Roman city of Leptus Magna in Libya if you want to see a near-entact remains of the glory that was once Rome and its Imperial reach--all based on the lush forests, grasslands and plentiful wildlife of N. Africa.

Seeing Red said...

I've written off ever seeing the pyramids or walking in Jesus' footsteps or tubing in Israel.

So I don't think Libya will be on that itinerary.

I've wanted to see the pyramids for decades.

I was touring Greece in my youth & a couple of guys on my tour had come from Israel.

I was calculating flight times & money ---

I don't think my work would have been too happy.



My boss took his son to Israel for part of his bar mitzvah - he told me he learned more about Jesus than he did about his religion. I LMAO.


wv: lessee - lessee, nope not gonna make it there.

Paul said...

Nope.. the U.N. will sue to get everything not inside the 200 mile zone.

And Obama will do NOTHING.

David said...

I guess we can't call them rare earths anymore.

Now, about that peak oil thing . . . .

knox said...

"rare earths"

sounds like science fiction to me.

D. B. Light said...

It would be nice if some of the people who base their arguments in history would learn a little bit about it.